Hope Bolinger is a literary agent at C.Y.L.E. Nevertheless, as stated in the Bible Study Tools article linked above, God “resets the clock” in the New Testament and Jesus’ teachings on marriage clearly show that God desires a marriage union between one man and one woman (Matthew 19). Of the seven women being reviewed, she is the one most people are less likely to know. [4], In 1 Samuel 25, Nabal demonstrates ingratitude towards David, the son of Jesse (from the tribe of Judah), and Abigail attempts to placate David, in order to stop the future King from taking revenge. David proceeds to ask Abigail to be his wife. Abigail's self-styling as a handmaid[14] led to Abigail being a traditional term for a waiting-woman, for example as the waiting gentlewoman in Beaumont and Fletcher's The Scornful Lady, published in 1616. In one, the wife prevents David from murdering her foolish and greedy husband. 25:33-34). [5] Alice Bach notes that Abigail pronounces a "crucial prophecy,"[6] and the Talmud regards her as one of the Tanakh's seven female prophets. As a woman of limited options and say, she may have gone with it or not realized the cultural tacit ate away at not only her marriage but their family. The passage confirms this when she predicts David will be king over Israel. Abigail was also honest with her husband (1 Sam. She became the mother of one of David's sons, who is listed in the Book of Chronicles under the name Daniel, in the Masoretic Text of the Books of Samuel as Chileab,[2] and in the Septuagint text of 2 Samuel 3:3 as Δαλουια, Dalouia. Abigail stands out for a number of reasons. Who was Abigail in the Bible? The name Abigail means “cause of joy.” The Scriptures don’t say why Abigail—a beautiful, joyful woman—would marry a foolish brute like Nabal. Whether David married her because he was attracted to her, or as an astute political move, or both is unclear. They should try to be wise in their choice. [11], Adele Berlin contrasts the story of Abigail with that of Bathsheba. Abigail married Jether, who also was known as Ithra. Then she went to David personally, humbling herself and pleading for mercy. We also learn she hails from the land of Carmel, a land otherwise known as “God’s vineyard.” This means she would’ve come from a decent amount of wealth. But does David show the exception to polygamy? 2 The Jewish Study Bible, 608.. 3 Debra Evans, Women of Character (Grand Rapids, Zondervan 1996) 112.. 4 Lindsay Hardin Freeman, Bible Women (Forward Movement, 2014) 192.. 5 The Jewish Study Bible, 610. jwa.org. She sent a bounty of supplies to David’s camp without Nabal’s knowledge (verses 18–19). 6 Adele Berlin, “Abigail: Bible” She is described as intelligent and beautiful while Nabal was rich, mean and surly in his dealings. 2:1-4). They had a son named Amasa who became a leader in David's army (2 Samuel 17:25; 1 Chronicles 2:16, 17) but was killed by his cousin, Joab. [9] In terms of her moral character, Abraham Kuyper argues that Abigail's conduct indicates "a most appealing character and unwavering faith,"[10] but Alice Bach regards her as subversive. 1 Samuel 25. If men were allowed to take multiple wives, they could satisfy various desires without divorce. Does David mark as the exception to having more than one wife, or does he encounter consequences for doing so? If men were intent on objectifying and abusing women, God determined to put a few safety measures in place. St. Abigail, more commonly known as St. Gobnait or Deborah, was a medieval Irish saint born around the 6th century in County Clare, Ireland. More than 1,000 of her works have been featured in various publications ranging from Writer's Digest to Keys for Kids. David led the pursuit, and they were subsequently rescued. A Bible woman was married at a very young age to a husband chosen by her family. Commentators suggest such might be the case because Nabal was very rich (1 Samuel 25:2). Instead, Nabal, Abigail’s then-husband, hurls insults at David. 1. According to 1 Samuel 25, Abigail is married to Nabal, a wealthy rancher, and she is described as beautiful and intelligent. Both wives then settle with David in Hebron, where Abigail gives birth to David's second son, Chileab (also called Daniel). What Is the Meaning of Lazarus and the Rich Man? We do know that David had lost his wife Michal before this to childbirth. in Carmel. [3] Her name is spelled Abigal in 2 Samuel 17:25 in the American Standard Version. Perhaps that is why Abigail raised no objections to the fact that David had eight wives in all. [12] Richard M. Davidson, however, points out that "on the basis of the final form of Old Testament canon, references to Abigail in the biblical accounts indicate two different individuals."[13]. Find out more about her at her website. After all, most people in the Bible who marry more than one wife have great familial troubles as a consequence of this action (take, for instance, Jacob married two wives and all the drama that happens because of that). Her character shows us that women of God can be humble, wise, and diplomatic. And what else do we know about Abigail? In the later years of king Saul's reign of Israel, he fought continuously with David and his army. But wait a minute, hadn’t David already married other women such as Michal and Ahinoam? Formerly the wife of Nabal of Carmel, and afterwards of David. Abigail dealt with her unhappy marriage by conducting herself with respect, avoiding confrontation with her husband, and speaking persuasively. All to say, we don’t know if Abigail approved of David’s taking on multiple wives. without becoming difficult yourself! Photo Credit: ©iStock/Getty Images Plus/SIphotography. For one, Nabal is a rather bizarre character. Here, Abigail sends loads of food to David and asks him not to do anything rash in regard to Nabal. So when we ask ourselves, what does it mean to “be wise as serpents and innocent as doves?” we must look no further than Abigail in the Bible. [7] Levenson, however, suggests that she "senses the drift of history" from intelligence rather than from special revelation. [1] Abigail was David's second wife, after Saul and Ahinoam's daughter, Michal, whom Saul later married to Palti, son of Laish when David went into hiding. Jon Levenson calls this an "undeniable adumbration" of Nathan's prophecy in 2 Samuel 7. 1 Samuel 25:32 "Then David said to Abigail: “Blessed is the Lord God of Israel, who sent you this day to meet me! Next person in the Bible: Abigail, wife of King David. In the Chronicles verse, we learn that she has a son named Daniel (not the one taken into captivity by the Babylonians). She probably had every creature comfort anyone could ask for. David's third wife was named Abigail. Now her Abigail had possessions, wisdom, intelligence and beauty. . Instead, Abigail pleaded for Nabal’s life and the lives of her entire household. 15 Abigail thought and acted quickly. Abigail - Women of the Bible. (1) ABIGAIL wife of Nabal the Carmelite (see Carmel) and later of David.Abigail is described as both beautiful and sagacious (I Sam. Poor Abigail–the Bible calls her beautiful and intelligent, her actions show that she had wisdom, discernment and a gracious heart, but she ended up with a loser like Nabal! When David learns of Nabal’s death, he recognizes that the Lord has protected David and avenged him from Nabal’s evildoing. Burnette-Bletsch, Rhonda – “Abigail” in Carol Meyers, Toni Craven and Ross S. Kraemer, eds., Women in Scripture: A Dictionary of Named and Unnamed Women in the Hebrew Bible, The Apocryphal/Deuterocanonical Books, and the New Testament (Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2000) She has good sense, and she keeps David from doing a bad thing. [17][18], This article is about the wife of King David. “At once Abigail hastened,” we read. For more information on the name "Abigail", see, "my father's joy", "my father rejoices", "my father is joy" (or similar); from either the verbal root, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Abigail&oldid=993723303, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 03:38. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. We also do have to keep in mind that during the Old Testament times, women were seen more as property than humans [cultural views, not God’s] and that marriage would give them security, as we see from this article. This should be enough to fix the current problem if used correctly. The story of Abigail and David ranks almost as exciting and deceitful as that of David and his most famous wife, Bathsheba. It was customary at shee… Scripture presents her as a beautiful, intelligent woman whose lot in life is one of being married to a rich fool. What a match! In an act of grace and courage, Nabal’s wife, Abigail, intervened on her husband’s behalf. Derived from the Hebrew word ab, "father", and the Hebrew root g-y-l, "to rejoice," the name Abigail has a variety of possible meanings including "my father's joy" and "source of joy". Does this mean that the Bible allows for polygamy? Don’t let fear hold you back – move forward in God’s courage and wisdom. King David had a complicated family life with multiple wives and many children. Every time a new girl came into her class whom no one would accept, Abigail made the unwanted girl wanted in … Who Was Abigail in the Bible? Her character shows us that women of God can be humble, wise, and diplomatic. Abigail definitely belongs in this study of great women of the Bible. Patriarchs also appear to have multiple concubines in addition to their wives. So Abigail collected 200 loaves of bread, two bottles of wine, five butchered and prepared sheep, a bushel of roasted grain, 100 bunches of raisins, 200 dry fig cakes, and she loaded them onto donkeys. Abigail's name means 'father rejoices' whereas Nabal means 'fool' (1 Samuel 25:2-3, 25). Abigail (Hebrew: אֲבִיגַיִל‎, avigáyil, ’ǎḇîḡayil) was the wife of Nabal; she became a wife of the future King David after Nabal's death (1 Samuel 25). She is also the co-author of the Dear Hero duology, which was published by INtense Publications. She was an intelligent and beautiful woman, but her husband was surly and mean in his dealings—he was a Calebite. . Abigail (Hebrew: אֲבִיגַיִל‎, avigáyil, ’ǎḇîḡayil) was the wife of Nabal; she became a wife of the future King David after Nabal's death (1 Samuel 25). Abigail didn’t leave Nabal; she didn’t even let David kill him. "In the Abigail story, David, the potential king, is seen as increasingly strong and virtuous, whereas in the Bathsheba story, the reigning monarch shows his flaws ever more overtly and begins to lose control of his family. This commentary describes this as, “David was carried away by the corrupt custom of those times.”. Abigail is described as intelligent and beautiful. Her modern-day Daniel trilogy released its first two installments with IlluminateYA, and the final one, Vision, releases in August of 2021. Apart from the 1 Samuel passage above, we don’t find much about Abigail except a listing in Chronicles 3:1. After all, their neighbors had multiple wives, why not them? This seems to indicate she had some prophetic giftings of some sort. Abigail (Heb. All rights reserved. Abigail was faithful. The second of five precious children, song of her father’s heart, light of her mother’s soul. 1 Tamar Kadari, “Abigail: Midrash and Aggadah” jwa.org. Abigail, Nabal, and David Abigail is an interesting woman who we meet in 1 Samuel chapter 25. But modern women usually choose their own husband. [5], After Abigail reveals to Nabal what she has done, "God struck Nabal and he died," (v.38), after which David married her. Abigail is the story of an astute woman who used her wits to save her household. 25:41-42). Like several women in the Old Testament, Abigail is described as beautiful. "[8], Levenson and Halpern suggest that Abigail may, in fact, also be the same person as Abigail, mother of Amasa. And this article describes her as a woman of “beauty and brains.” David is, of course, taken by her good looks, but she advises him not to take rash actions, even after he vowed to kill Nabal and Nabal’s family after Nabal insults him. She is the embodiment of Matthew 10:16. Absolutely amazing. In the end, she also honored and submitted to Israel's anointed king, thus saving David from the sin of avenging himself through murdering Nabal’s household (1 Sam. And in a few of those instances, we see her deep faith in God’s purpose and plans for David, and so she reminded him of God’s hand in his life. The wife of a rich man when she met David, Abigail possessed beauty, intelligence, political shrewdness, and material wealth that helped David at a critical moment when he could have thrown away his chance at success. We should also note that the examples of families with multiple spouses always seem to have massive drama or tragedy. Four times in this one account we find the same verb, “to hasten,” used regarding this woman. gail. Abigail's father was Zeruiah Nahash. 25:2).In return for “protecting” Nabal’s property, David requested a gift of provisions. Theirs was an unequal match—perhaps an arranged marriage in which Abigail had little to say. She is mentioned a few other times in scripture, but not with as much detail as is found in this main chapter. See how the empowerment of the Holy Spirit can help you deal with difficult people . Her husband is just the opposite: mean and churlish. [15] Jonathan Swift and Henry Fielding use Abigail in this generic sense, as does Charlotte Brontë. We can chalk up polygamy in the Bible as men engaging in a corrupt cultural practice that was, essentially, “okay” in their eyes at the time. We meet her married to a rather horrible man who refuses to provide David food and shelter when David is on the run from Saul (1 Samuel 25). No longer a child, not yet a woman, Abigail—compassionate, caring, committed, a friend of friends. In the second, David orders the murder of a good man because he desires his wife. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. The Talmud amplifies this idea, mentioning her as being one of the "four women of surpassing beauty in the world," (the other three being Rahab, Sarah, and Esther). The story of Abigail in the Bible is an interesting one for many reasons. What Did God Mean When He Said 'Behold I Am Doing a New Thing' in Isaiah 43:19? The passage in 1 Samuel 25 makes it clear he also married Ahinoam, and married others along the way. Or why did God allow him to do it? STORY OF ABIGAIL In 1 Samuel 25, a beautiful story emerges, one of submission and deliverance. The Blue Letter Bible ministry and the BLB Institute hold to the historical, conservative Christian faith, which includes a firm belief in the inerrancy of Scripture. Abigail is a lesser-known heroine in the Bible, a humble woman who was married to a wealthy scoundrel. This caused her to run away from home to settle on Inis Oirr in the Aran Islands. Scripture makes it clear that by the time of Malachi God shows he desires a monogamous union. The name Abigail was also borne by David’s sister (1 Chronicles 2:16), who was the mother of … While David and his men are encamped near Jezreel, the women are captured by Amalekites who raided the town of Ziglak and carried off the women and children. Abigail marries David and travels with him and his men until David is established as king over Judah (2 Sam. This was certainly something to appreciate during a time when Israel had been recovering from repeated attacks from surrounding nations like the Philistines. Did Paul Teach That 'Money Is the Root of All Evil'? In this six-week Bible study, journey along with Abigail as she uses her influence in two men's lives—with different results. Abigail in the Bible was a woman in ancient Israel who married a very wealthy man named Nabal. So, if Abigail abounded with wisdom and beauty, why did David marry more than one woman. Abigail also tells David not to slay Nabal because God would do the vengeance if only David would wait on the Lord. Abigail humbly accepts his proposal (1 Sam. Abigail was David's second wife, after Saul's daughter, Michal, whom Saul later married to Palti, son of Laish when David went into hiding, and Ahinoam. Abigail L. 14. [8], Abigail and David's second wife, Ahinoam the Jezreelite, accompany David and his war band as they seek refuge in Philistine territory. William Rose Benet notes the notoriety of Abigail Hill, better known as "Mrs Masham", a lady-in-waiting to Queen Anne. A … Abigail stands out for a number of reasons. [8], Abigail is also listed as one of the seven Jewish women prophets, the other six being Miriam, Deborah, Hannah, Sarah, Huldah,and Esther. “Abigail lost no time…” (1 … Abigail, in the Old Testament, the wife of Nabal of southern Judah, on whose death she became one of the first wives of David (1 Samuel 25) and the mother of his son Chileab. If two become one, it complicates things when you add additional wives or husbands to that formula. As the wife of the wealthy Nabal, she is also a woman of high socioeconomic status. We don’t get to hear about too many female figures in the Bible, and although we may have heard the name “Abigail” widely used in today’s vernacular, we may not know much about Abigail’s story in the Bible. As a woman of beauty and brains, she counsels David, prophesies his kingship, and becomes one of his wives who is actually named. Abigail from the Bible, was the wife of, Nabal, a very wicked man, who thought only of himself. INTRODUCTION Abigail was the wife of Nabal. As a woman of beauty and brains, she counsels David, prophesies his kingship, and becomes one of his wives who is actually named. 3 His name was Nabal and his wife’s name was Abigail. Nabal dies at the hands of the Lord a few days later, and David marries Abigail. The Bible commends Abigail for her actions. The Bible doesn’t say whether she prayed about the situation, but in verses 26-31 Abigail refers to the LORD at least seven times. We do know from one other reference in 1 Chronicles 3 that Abigail was the mother of David’s son named Daniel. Ann does an amazing job filling in the rest of the story. The main story of Abigail is found in 1 Samuel 25. Abigail is the wife of Nabal the Calebite from Carmel and later becomes the second wife of David. We’ll dive into all these questions and more. She has worked for various publishing companies, magazines, newspapers, and literary agencies and has edited the work of authors such as Jerry B. Jenkins and Michelle Medlock Adams. If we take one look at what happens to David’s sons, we can get a good idea of the dissolving family dynamic the Davidic dynasty had. By her quick wisdom and generosity she not only saved her entire family from death, but was miraculously delivered from an evil husband, and given a Godly husband in his place. Abigail combined her wisdom with her wealth to appear before an approaching enemy to plead for… So, does Scripture allow polygamy? Christianity.com is a member of the Salem Web Network of sites including: Copyright © 2020, Christianity.com. Her story is found in 1 Samuel 25. I love Abigail's story no matter who's telling it, but Ann Burton's version is incredible. But this doesn’t mean he didn’t marry other women in addition to Abigail. and a graduate of Taylor University's professional writing program. It's too bad the Bible doesn't say how such a wise, courageous and gifted woman like Abigail ended up married to the likes of evil Laban. In Abigail’s case they chose Nabal, and she cannot be blamed for their choice. Abigail stands out for a number of reasons. [16] George MacDonald Fraser makes mention of "an abigail fussing about the room" in his novel Flashman from The Flashman Papers series. She gives him food, and speaks to him, urging him not to "have on his conscience the staggering burden of needless bloodshed" (verse 31, NIV) and reminding him that God will make him a "lasting dynasty" (verse 28). Abigail. The banquet Nabal throws himself, and the amount of food Abigail sends David seems to confirm this. But her character shows us that women of God can be humble, wise, and diplomatic. Go to People in the Bible or Women in the Bible She prepared a … According to tradition, Abigail's family was always feuding. Abigail is a featured figure on Judy Chicago's installation piece The Dinner Party, being represented in one of the 999 tiles of the Heritage Floor. 25:37-38), and God protected her. Abigail was “an intelligent and beautiful woman” (1 Samuel 25:3) who saved her husband and his household, prevented David from doing something rash, and secured an unexpected future for herself. Even Solomon, who seems to stand out from his brothers who rape and try to usurp David, falls into depravity and has 1000 wives and concubines. Anthony Trollope makes two references to the abigail (all lower case) in The Eustace Diamonds, at the beginning of Chapter 42, whilst Thomas Mann makes the same reference at the start of the second chapter of Part 2 in Buddenbrooks (published in 1901). אֲבִיגַיִל) is the name of two women in the Bible. 25 ) is married to Nabal, Abigail sends loads of food to David personally, herself! Husbands to that formula they could satisfy various desires without divorce, Abigail—compassionate caring! Of her works have been featured in various publications ranging from Writer 's Digest to for. 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Graduate of Taylor University 's professional writing program the final one, Nabal, and they were rescued... Ranging from Writer 's Digest to Keys for Kids Abigail with that of David and his army the Spirit!