selon les recommandations des projets correspondants. [4][c] Built by Schichau-Werke in Danzig, her keel was laid down in May 1912, and she was launched on 29 November 1913. German Cruiser Lützow (1939) Lutzow was the fifth and last of the Admiral Hipper-class heavy cruisers for the Kriegsmarine. During the battle, Lützow sank the British battlecruiser HMS Invincible and is sometimes given credit for sinking the armored cruiser HMS Defence. III Battle Squadron of the German fleet, which contained the most powerful battleships of the German navy, also altered course to assist Wiesbaden. Lützow Histoire opérationnelle, sur german-navy.de, 25 juin 2003. By 16:00, Seydlitz was clear of imminent danger, so the ship stopped to allow Boedicker to disembark. [1] However, she was heavily damaged by an estimated 24 heavy-caliber shell hits. Lützow was commissioned on 8 August 1915, but did not join I Scouting Group until 20 March due to engine damage during trials. At 16:00, Hipper ordered the signal "Distribution of fire from left" be hoisted on Lützow. [54] By 21:30, the ship was settling deeper into the sea. Only do this if these links relate to the wiki subject. Le SMS Lützow est la deuxième unité de la dernière classe de croiseurs de bataille construits pour la Marine impériale allemande (Kaiserliche Marine) au début du XX e siècle. Her secondary casemates received 150 mm (5.9 in) of armor protection. Schwendemann H. Wirtschaftliche Die Zusammenarbeit zwischen dem Deutschen Reich und der Sowjetunion von 1938 bis 1941 . The stipulations of the Treaty of Versailles that allowed Germany to retain a fleet of only six battleships and as many light cruisers in addition to twelve torpedo boats and as many torpedo boat destroyers came into effect on January 10, 1920. At this point, Admiral Reinhard Scheer, commander of the High Seas Fleet, turned back towards Germany, having been warned of the Grand Fleet's sortie from Scapa Flow. [31] At 18:13, a 15 in (380 mm) shell from one of the Queen Elizabeths struck Lützow; two more hits came at 18:25 and 18:30. [58] The crew attempted to reverse direction and steam backwards, but this had to be abandoned when the bow became so submerged that the propellers were pulled partially out of the water; forward draft had increased to over 17 meters. Leden van de Duitse Kriegsmarine op een schip bij Napels, … The The visibility was so poor that the German ships fired one salvo each, with the exception of Derfflinger, which fired fourteen rounds from her main battery. Encore inachevé lorsque l'Allemagne envahit l'Union soviétique en juin 1941, le navire a brièvement pris part à la défense de Léningrad en fournissant un soutien d'artillerie. As the British battlecruisers began to turn away, Seydlitz and Derfflinger were able to concentrate their fire on Queen Mary. Renamed Petropavlovsk by the Soviets, work was still incomplete when Germany … The ship's gunners aimed their initial salvo at a range of 16,800 yards (15,400 m), well over their intended target. The armament suite was rounded out with four 60 cm (24 in) torpedo tubes, all placed in the hull, below the waterline. [37] During the turn to the northeast, the British destroyers Onslow and Acasta approached to launch torpedoes at Lützow, though without success. [18], Lützow scored a second hit a minute later at 16:52. She was named in honor of the Prussian general Ludwig Adolf Wilhelm von Lützow who fought in the Napoleonic Wars. [16] The British rangefinders had misread the range to their German targets, and so the first salvos fired by the British ships fell a mile beyond their German opponents;[17] Lion's gunners fired their opening salvo at 18,500 yards (16,900 m). Vous pouvez partager vos connaissances en l’améliorant (comment ?) G39 came alongside and took Hipper and his staff aboard, in order to transfer him to one of the other battlecruisers. The German force was strong with the heavy cruiser KMS Admiral Hipper and pocket battleship Lutzow. While serving as the squadron flagship, her crew was augmented by an additional 14 officers and 62 enlisted men in the commander's staff. Ordered as a replacement for the old protected cruiser Kaiserin Augusta, Lützow was launched on 29 November 1913, but not completed until 1916. The ship was laid down in August 1937 and launched in July 1939, after which … The torpedo boats G37, G38, G40, and V45 came alongside the stricken battlecruiser to evacuate the ship's crew,[59] though six men were trapped in the bow and could not be freed. Deutschland was ordered by the Reichsmarine from the Deutsche Werke shipyard in Kiel as Ersatz Preussen, as a replacement for the old battleship Preussen. One pierced the ship's forward superfiring turret and temporarily disabled it. Only by the resolute actions of the turret commander—Major Francis Harvey, who ordered the magazine be flooded—did the ship avoid a catastrophic magazine explosion. G38 fired two torpedoes into the ship, and two minutes later she disappeared below the waves. Lützow. Lützow was a heavy cruiser of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine, the fifth and final member of the Admiral Hipper class, but was never completed.The ship was laid down in August 1937 and launched in July 1939, after which the Soviet Union requested to purchase the ship. The ship was laid down in August 1937 and launched in July 1939, after which the Soviet Union requested to purchase the ship. Heinrich Gebhardt mit Hindenburg, 1931.jpg 1,205 × 726; 162 KB. [11], At 02:00 CET,[d] on 31 May 1916, I Scouting Group departed the Jade estuary; Lützow, Hipper's flagship, was the leading vessel, followed by her sister Derfflinger, Seydlitz, Moltke, and Von der Tann. [1] Lützow was a heavy cruiser of the German Kriegsmarine, the fifth and final member of the Admiral Hipper class, but was never completed. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. [43], By 19:30, the High Seas Fleet, which was by that point pursuing the British battlecruisers, had not yet encountered the Grand Fleet. Construction in Germany Ship named after Prussian general Ludwig Adolf Wilhelm von Lützow who fought in the Napoleonic Wars. An hour and a half later, the High Seas Fleet—under the command of Admiral Scheer—left the Jade with 16 dreadnoughts. [56] At times, the ship had to slow down to as little as 3 knots (5.6 km/h; 3.5 mph) to reduce pressure on the rear bulkhead in the torpedo flat. [9], At 04:50 on 25 April, the German battlecruisers were approaching Lowestoft when the light cruisers Rostock and Elbing, which had been covering the southern flank, spotted the light cruisers and destroyers of Commodore Reginald Tyrwhitt's Harwich Force. [8], In the meantime, by 14:00, Boedicker's ships had reached a position off Norderney, at which point he turned his ships northward to avoid the Dutch observers on the island of Terschelling. [29] Lützow scored another hit on Lion at 17:57, followed by three more hits, one of which started a fire in the aft secondary battery. [3], Lützow's armament consisted of a main battery of eight 30.5 cm SK L/50 guns in four gun turrets,[b] mounted in superfiring pairs fore and aft of the central superstructure. Burnett quickly decided to withdraw in the face of superior German firepower; his ships were armed with 6 in (150 mm) guns, while Admiral Hipper carried 20.3 cm (8.0 in) guns, and Lützow had 28 cm (11 in) guns. One month later, the ship was heavily engaged during the Battle of Jutland, on 31 May–1 June. German cruiser Lützow (1939) Lützow was a heavy cruiser of the German Kriegsmarine, the fifth and final member of the Admiral Hipper class, but was never completed. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 3 février 2021 à 21:50. In the span of three minutes, Lützow had fired four more salvos, alternating between the four forward and four aft guns, and had struck with the last one at 16:51. [42] From this point onward, Lützow came under no further fire from the British battlecruisers, though she was flooding badly from two of the hits from Invincible that had struck below the waterline. Une fois ces réparations effectuées, le navire a été rebaptisé Tallinn et utilisé dans la contre-offensive soviétique autour de Léningrad en 1944. SMS Lützow [lower-alpha 1] was the second Derfflinger-class battlecruiser built by the German Kaiserliche Marine (English: Imperial Navy) before World War I.Ordered as a replacement for the old protected cruiser Kaiserin Augusta, Lützow was launched on 29 November 1913, but not completed until 1916. Source: World War 2 album [7], Lützow' first major operation was the bombardment of Yarmouth and Lowestoft on 24–25 April. Allemagne envahit l'Union soviétique en juin 1941, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lützow_(croiseur_lourd,_1939)&oldid=179550804, Portail:Époque contemporaine/Articles liés, Portail:Seconde Guerre mondiale/Articles liés, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. The ship was laid down in August 1937 and launched in July 1939, after which the Soviet Union requested to purchase the ship. The operation was to be a repeat of previous German fleet actions: to draw out a portion of the Grand Fleet and destroy it. [39] One salvo penetrated the ship's ammunition magazines and, in a massive explosion, destroyed the cruiser. Onslow was hit three times by Lützow's secondary battery and was forced to withdraw. In the span of less than five minutes, Defence was struck by several heavy-caliber shells from the German ships. Fragments of the Lützow, a German World War Two heavy cruiser which was sunk by the famous British Dambusters squadron in 1945, have been raised from the bottom of a shipping channel in the Szczecin Lagoon. [25] At 17:24, Lützow again opened fire at Lion and scored three more hits in the span of thirty seconds. Water began to enter the forward generator compartments, which forced the crew to work by candlelight. German cruiser Deutschland, renamed Lützow, launched in 1939 This article includes a list of ships with the same or similar names. The ship was approximately 60 km (37 mi) north-west of Horns Reef when she was scuttled. [12], Shortly before 16:00, Hipper's force encountered Vice Admiral David Beatty's 1st Battlecruiser Squadron. The torpedo boat V28 took Boedicker to Lützow. Boedicker's ships opened fire from a range of 12,000 m (13,000 yards). This was after most of the major actions conducted by the German battlecruiser force had taken place. Later on, during the course of the Second World War, both her name and classification were changed to Lützow and heavy cruiser respectively. In the course of the first nineteen minutes of the battle, Lützow had fired thirty-one salvos at Lion, scoring six hits, forcing the latter to shear out of line temporarily. Il ne fut jamais achevé. Shortly thereafter, a second destroyer, Acasta launched a torpedo at Lützow that missed; in return, Lützow and Derfflinger fired a barrage of 15 cm shells at Acasta, hitting her twice. The ship was laid down in August 1937 and launched in July 1939, after which the Soviet Union requested to purchase the ship. Lützow, the second member of the class, was allocated to the 1912 construction program. [13] The German ships were the first to open fire, at a range of approximately 15,000 yards (14,000 m). A second sweep followed two days later, also to the Amrun Bank. [35], Shortly after 19:00, the German cruiser Wiesbaden had become disabled by a shell from the battlecruiser Invincible; the German battlecruisers made a 16-point turn to the northeast and made for the crippled cruiser at high speed. Berlin, 1993 The forward conning tower, where the ship's commander controlled the vessel, had 300 mm walls. Incomplete Soviet cruiser Tallinn at Leningrad c1949.jpg 5,744 × 3,685; 6.78 MB The German battlecruisers destroyed two 6 in (15 cm) shore batteries and inflicted other damage to the town. While on trials on 25 October, Lützow's port low-pressure turbine was badly damaged. Steam was provided by eighteen naval boilers, fourteen of which burned coal, the other four burning fuel oil. On 21–22 April, Lützow joined the rest of the High Seas Fleet for a sortie into the North Sea that failed to locate any British warships. Hitler saw the battle of the surface raiders in the Barents Sea as the perfect mission for success. The British cruisers turned toward Lützow and came under fire from both German cruisers. If he chose to use his dreadnoughts and battlecruisers to cover their retreat, he would have subjected his strongest ships to overwhelming British fire. From 17:10 to 17:16, Lützow resumed firing at Lion, but in the haze, her gunners believed they were engaging Princess Royal. [36] Simultaneously, the British III and IV Light Cruiser Squadrons began a torpedo attack on the German line; while advancing to torpedo range, they smothered Wiesbaden with fire from their main guns. The German Kriegsmarine, Lützow Information, Heavy Cruiser, Lützow, Schwerer Kreuzer 1939-1950, Admiral Hipper class On 24 April, Lützow and the battlecruisers Seydlitz and Moltke made a brief sortie into the North Sea, cruising to the eastern end of the Amrun Bank, since British destroyers had been reported to have been in the area. On 13 September, she began her trials, including torpedo firing tests on 15 September and gunnery tests on 6 October. The battlecruiser's crew attempted to patch the shell holes three times, but as the flooding worsened and the draft increased, water increasingly washed over the deck and inhibited progress on the repair work. German heavy cruiser “Lützow” during inspection by the Admissions Committee of the Baltic Fleet. [33] During the engagements between the combined German fleet and the British 1st Battlecruiser and 5th Battle Squadrons, Lützow had both of her wireless transmitters damaged; after that point, the only method of communication between ships was via searchlight. [3], Lützow was protected by an armor belt that was 300 mm (11.8 in) thick in the central part of the ship where it protected the ammunition magazines and propulsion machinery spaces. In the span of eight minutes, Invincible scored eight hits on Lützow; these hits were mainly concentrated in the ship's bow and were the primary cause of the flooding that would eventually cause her to sink. Lützow was so low in the water by 01:30 that water began to flood the forward boiler room. Laid down in 1937 and launched in 1939, she was sold in an incomplete state to the Soviet Union in 1940, missing half of her 8″ guns and most of her superstructure. German cruiser Lützow in Kaiserfahrt canal on 25 April 1945.jpg 653 × 594; 197 KB. The leading British ships spotted Lützow and Derfflinger, and began firing on them. Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in June 1916, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=SMS_Lützow&oldid=1007558161, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 26,741 t (26,319 long tons; 29,477 short tons) design load, This page was last edited on 18 February 2021, at 19:44. [60] By 02:45 Lützow was submerged up to her bridge. Water had also entered the ship through shell holes in the forecastle above the armored deck; the majority of the upper portion of the ship forward of the forward-most barbette was flooded as well. [28] At 17:34, Lützow launched a torpedo at the battlecruiser Tiger without success. The KriegsmarineKriegsmarine [11] Tyrwhitt immediately turned his ships around and fled south, but not before the cruiser Conquest sustained severe damage. La construction du navire a été commencée en août 1937 et il fut lancé en juillet 1939. The quarry was the Allied convoy JW51B on its way to deliver supplies to the USSR and protected by now fewer than six British destroyers. She also carried eight 8.8 cm SK L/45 quick-firing guns in anti-aircraft mounts. While on this operation, a British submarine attempted to torpedo Lützow without success. Originally named Deutschland, the Lützow was one of three armoured ships – the so-called “pocket battleships” – laid down between 1928 and 1931.Deutschland was the first of the class, being launched in May 1931 and completed in April 1933. [10], At 05:20, the German raiders turned north, towards Yarmouth, which they reached by 05:42. [19] Eight minutes later, Lion scored the first hit on Lützow; a salvo from the British ship struck the battlecruiser on her forecastle, but no major damage was done. If an internal link for a specific ship led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended ship article, if one exists. Her main battery turrets had 270 mm (10.6 in) thick faces. The torpedo boats G192, G194, and G196 provided a screen for hostile submarines that might be operating in the area, the four vessels arriving the next day. [2], Lützow was 210.4 m (690 ft 3 in) long overall and had a beam of 29 m (95 ft 2 in) and a draft of 9.2 m (30 ft 2 in) forward and 9.56 m (31 ft 4 in) aft. Those ships were designed with the idea of commerce war in mind, they should attack allied … Witnesses reported at least five shells from two salvos hit the ship, which caused an intense explosion that ripped the Queen Mary in half. The British Admiralty was made aware of the German sortie through the interception of German wireless signals, and deployed the Grand Fleet at 15:50. Her secondary armament consisted of fourteen 15 cm SK L/45 guns mounted in casemates at main deck level. [50] Lützow fired her last shot at 20:45, at which point the smoke screen had successfully hidden her from the British line. [22][f] Indeed, approximately 30 minutes after the turret was destroyed, the fire in the turret spread to the working chamber that was directly above the magazine; there it detonated propellant charges that had been stored there. The six pre-dreadnoughts of II Battle Squadron had departed from the Elbe roads at 02:45, and rendezvoused with the battle fleet at 5:00. Seydlitz, the flagship, followed by Derfflinger, Lützow, Moltke, and Von der Tann left the Jade Estuary at 10:55 on 24 April, and were supported by a screening force of six light cruisers and two torpedo boat flotillas. Il a été coulé par l'artillerie allemande en septembre 1941 et renfloué un an plus tard, en septembre 1942. 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