Favorable Kiremt rainfall facilitated crop development; however, heavy rainfall in the latter half of the season resulted in severe flooding in parts of southern Afar, eastern Amhara, eastern and central Oromia, including Dire Dawa, northern and southern Somali, along with Rift Valley areas of SNNPR regions. Rainfall, temperature and NDVI relationship. The capital of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, is located at an elevation of 7,726 feet, and as such its climate remains relatively cool throughout the year. Almost no area within the Nile basin experiences a true equatorial or a true Mediterranean type of climate. While the Nile basin in Sudan and Egypt is rainless during the northern winter, its southern parts and the highlands of Ethiopia experience heavy rain—more than 60 inches (1,520 millimetres)—during the northern summer. On the Between these two areas is a region of dry, flat plains, called steppes , where annual rainfall ranges from 4 to 16 inches and summer droughts last five months or longer. In Southern Africa and Madagascar, rainfall is predicted to become only a little more seasonal with a slight increase in the wettest month and a slight decrease during the driest month. Given the conditions of rainfall and temperatures, there can't be true tropical evergreen rainforests in Ethiopia, as rainforests grow under conditions of 3,000 mm of rainfall per year and higher. Primary and secondary data were collected for the analysis, […] Access to adequate quantities of safe water in this semi-arid region is a consistent challenge. much rain or more during the Belg season was large, more than 215,000 km. The northern provinces receive less rainfall, and the average annual precipitation in the Ogaden is less than 10 cm (4 in). With an area of 284,537.84 sq. The climate is warm and temperate in Lemmi. A new study says that Ethiopia could lose more than 50 percent of its coffee growing regions to climate change. Addis Ababa, the national capital, is the most populous one. Farmers’ perceptions of average temperature and rainfall changes in Ethiopia over the last 20 years from 2004/2005 (n = 1000). Climate information for Ethiopia including average temperature, rain and snowfall totals. This location is classified as Cwb by Köppen and Geiger. over the five-year time period of the planned FFP program. It presents SWC practices and estimates the level of SWC investments in different regions. The average annual temperature in Lemmi is 17.4 °C | 63.2 °F. In a report of 20 October, the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UN-OCHA) said that during the month of October, “several flood incidences were reported in Afar, Oromia, SNNP and Somali regions displacing thousands and causing loss of property and livelihoods. But, higher altitude areas could become … The results for Ethiopia show a significant number of farmers also observed that temperature had increased (64 percent) and that rainfall had decreased (65 percent) (see Fig. Ethiopia can be divided into four rainfall regimes. The UN reports that over 120,000 people have been displaced by flooding in Ethiopia this month.. Most of the country is highland with many of its tourist destinations like Lalibela and Gondar are at an elevation above 2,000m (6,561ft). ATLAS focused on four areas of Ethiopia, including: (a) northeastern Tigray region, (b) central Amhara region, (c) Dire Dawa and northeastern Oromia region and (d) the southern Oromia region and Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples’ region. Of these, about 7.1 million people are classified in IPC Phase 3: “Crisis” and about 1.4 million in IPC Phase 4: “Emergency”. During the their dry seasons, the lower vegetation of the forests of Ethiopia dry up. Ethiopia 6: Ethiopia In brief: Massively reliant on rain-fed and low-tech agriculture, highly vulnerable to climate change Right Now: Growing season has already reduced by 15% in the region Future climate change risks: Worsening difficulties with access to water, large … In warm arid regions, water is a master limiting factor, and in the absence of runoff, primary production is strongly positively correlated with rainfall in a linear fashion (see Figure 5.1). ... (ITCZ) in the region. World Map. and time (season, year). The daylight hours vary little, and the temperature differences between summer and winter are also lesser. An analysis of 37,511 children in the 1-5 year age group representing 212 com … Ethiopia, historically also known as Abyssinia, is Africa's oldest independent country and its second largest in terms of population. 2010). Between 1960 and 1989 the area receiving (on average) this . In effect to the ITCZ, Ethiopia is classified into three climatic zones (rainfall regimes) which have two, three and four seasons in a year. Prediction of summer rainfall would be valuable for managing the region’s water resources and agricultural operations. Ethiopia receiving most of their precipitation during the Kiremt season. 2 However, the region's southern interior has a desert climate with fewer than 4 inches of precipitation. This study describes the prevalence of marasmus and kwashiorkor in four drought-affected regions: Bale, Sidamo, Gamu Gofa and southern Shoa. Climate Maps . Y. Girma & M. Aynalem (Ethiopia) PAPER 2602 Located in the eastern part of Tigray Region, Ethiopia, Saesie-Tsaeda district has a total population of 30,829 people, most of whom are dependent on rain-fed subsistence agriculture. Nevertheless, with the continuing climate change and variability, precipitation in Ethiopia is expected to decline from a mean annual value of 2.04 mm/day (1961–1990) to 1.97 mm/day (2070–2099) with a total decline in rainfall by 25.5 mm/year . In Somalia, the 2018 Deyr rainfall season has so far performed less well than expected, despite the development of a weak El Nino. Unlike in Europe or the USA, there is almost no difference between the seasons. In Ethiopia, there are three seasons with four months each, classified based on climatological means of rainfall and temperature. Figure 3 shows farmers’ perceptions of average temperature and rainfall changes in Ethiopia over the last 20 years from 2004/2005. The summers are much rainier than the winters in Addis Abeba. Climate and hydrology. Source: Bryan et al. (2009). VIEW BY REGION United States Alaska Great Plains Hawaii Mid-Atlantic Midwest Northeast Rocky Mountains South Southwest West. km, Oromia Region is the largest major subdivision of Ethiopia by area. Ethiopia is an ecologically diverse country; you can therefore expect several climate zones ranging from tropical savanna in the west to warm desert climate in the east. Even in the hottest months (March to May), average highs rarely exceed 77 degrees Fahrenheit (25 degrees Celsius). The Danakil Depression (Danakil Desert) is about 125 metres below sea level and the hottest region in Ethiopia where the temperature climbs up to 50 degree Celsius. Summer rainfall is received by the Eastern Highlands and by the northern portion of the Western Highlands; annual precipitation there may amount to 55 inches (1,400 mm). In terrestrial ecosystems, climate is by far the most important determinant of the amount of solar energy plants are able to capture as chemical energy, or the gross primary productivity (Table 4.1). 2).Compared to South Africa, a greater number of farmers in Ethiopia reported that temperature (27 percent) and rainfall (17 percent) conditions had not changed over the 20-year period. The western part of the region, covering most of Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Uganda, and western Kenya, exhibits significant rainfall, with most of the high ground areas receiving 400–1200 mm of rainfall between July and September. In the East African sub-region annual rainfall is predicted to increase somewhat, from 1400 mm to 1440 mm, and the dry season to decrease from 5 to 4 months. Two Seasons Zone This zone includes the western half of Ethiopia and has two distinct seasons with a rainy season (June - September) and a dry season (November - … 2.4. Summer rainfall (June–September) accounts for about 80% of the annual rainfall in the Lake Tana basin of Ethiopia, the source region of the Blue Nile River. Ethiopia is one of the countries most vulnerable to the impacts of climate variability and change on agriculture. From the foregoing analysis, it becomes clear that CMORPH and 3B42RT rainfall estimates were very close to each other; this is consistent with findings in other river basins in Ethiopia (Hirpa et al. To provide an alternative These maps can show things like the specific climatic zones of an area based on the temperature, the amount of snow an area receives, or the average number of cloudy days. The paper focuses on four principal agricultural regions: Amhara, Oromia, SNNPR and Tigray.   Throughout the year, temperatures drop quickly once the sun goes down, and frosty mornings are common. The average annual temperature in Addis Abeba is 16.3 °C | 61.4 … The climate in Ethiopia In Ethiopia, as in all equatorial countries, there is a tropical climate. A climate map shows information about the climate of an area. The present study aims to understand and characterize agro-climatic variability and changes and associated risks with respect to implications for rainfed crop … The summers here have a good deal of rainfall, while the winters have very little. Rainfall totals of more than 500 mm during these rainy seasons typi-cally provide enough water for viable farming and pastoral pursuits. The westernmost region of Ethiopia receives an annual rainfall of nearly 200 cm (80 in). Parts of southern Ethiopia were form 1983 to 1985 affected by drought and famine. Rain falls year-round in the southern portions of the Western Highlands, where annual precipitation may reach 80 inches (2,000 mm). This location is classified as Cwb by Köppen and Geiger. Precipitation here is about 1058 mm | 41.7 inch per year. Abstract This paper provides details of soil and water conservation (SWC) investments in Ethiopia over the past 20 years. Recent studies on historical extreme temperature and rainfall variability indicate there is a positive trend in warming indicators in different regions in Ethiopia … Woina dega (Subtropical zone) - includes the highlands areas of 1830 - 2440 metres in elevation has an average annual temperature of about 22 degree Celsius with annual rainfall between 510 and 1530 millimetres. Average annual precipitation on the central plateau is roughly 122 cm (48 in). Addis Abeba climate summary The Addis Abeba lies on 2350m above sea level In Addis Abeba, the climate is warm and temperate. The regions are further subdivided into 68 zones which are further subdivided into districts or Woreda and then into Kebele or municipalities. 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